Oncology around the world
Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with malignant tumors. Based on recent research conducted by International Agency for Research on Cancer, 12.8 million people need cancer care (1.1 million in the USA, 980.000 in the U.K., 2.7 million in China, and 2.5 million in Russia). Most commonly diagnosed cancers affect lungs (13% of all cases), female breasts and prostate in men (9% each of all cases), and colorectal area (8% of all cases).
Most common causes for tumors and cancers cover:
- genetic factors
- poor immune system
- excessive exposure to sun
Nowadays, there exist various types of cancer treatment including:
- radiation and proton therapy
- targeted therapy (virotherapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, etc)
After the course of treatment, many oncology patients refer to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) such as mind-body medicines (yoga, meditation), bio-practices (herbs, diets), body-based practices (massage, chiropractic care), medical systems (Chinese medicine, homeopathy) etc.
5 questions to ask your oncologist during your first appointment at an overseas clinic:
- What type of cancer am I diagnosed with?
- Is the tumor spreading?
- What is the stage of my cancer?
- What experience do you have in treating this particular type of cancer?
- What are my treatment options?